The Digital Pendulum is a modern version of a classical control problem; that of erecting and balancing a free swinging pendulum in its inverted position or moving a hanging pendulum in a controlled manner. The cart on the track is digitally controlled to swing up (self erecting) and to balance the pendulum into an upright sustained position or to move the cart with pendulum in an unperturbed down position. The cart track is of limited length, imposing constraints on the control algorithm. In pendulum mode the system is used to control the twin arm pendulum from an initial position, hanging at rest with the cart in the centre of its travel along the track, to a final position with the pendulum upright and the cart restored to its central position. In crane mode the control problem is to move the position of the cart without undue movement of the pendulum. This problem is typical of that experienced when controlling a gantry crane. Using MATLAB™ together with the detailed training manuals supplied by Feedback and an Advantech PCI card (which creates an impressive digital control system development environment) the user is guided through the design process using phenomenological process models, dynamics analysis, discrete models identification, controller design, controller tests on the model, controller implementation in real-time applications, implementation of various control strategies and visualisation.
The equipment set incorporates student experiments which can be carried out in a laboratory safely using safety extra-low voltage. Experiment instructions are contained in a manual in either printed or digital form.
A MATLAB™ license is required for this trial and is not included in the scope of delivery.
The equipment can require additional software modules.
A training program made for the advanced training study programs at applied technology universities and technical universities. Knowledge of classic control engineering is a prerequisite.
- Equations of motion
- Non-linear model
- Linear models
- Static friction compensation
- Running a real-time model
- Dynamic model
- Cart model identification
- First model identification
- Using MATLAB control (MATLAB not supplied)
- Crane linear model identification
- Inverted pendulum linear model
Pendulum set-up control
- Plant control
- PID controller
- PID control of cart model position
- Real-time PID control of cart position
- Real-time swing-up control
- Inverted pendulum control of swing-up
- Inverted pendulum stabilisation
- Crane control
- Combined control techniques
- Swing-up & hold
- Up & down model