Impulse Experiment

SKU: EX-5509A Categories: , Tag:

Description

Overview

In this experiment the impulse on a cart is determined in two ways, by measuring the change in velocity and by finding the area under a force versus time curve.

A Smart Cart runs down a slightly inclined track with its Force Sensor equipped with either a clay bumper, spring bumper or magnetic bumper before colliding with an endstop. To determine the change in momentum (impulse), the speeds before and after the collision are recorded using the Smart Cart’s encoder. To confirm the impulse, the force versus time is plotted and the impulse is determined by finding the area under the curve.

Different shaped curves of force versus time are obtained for the different bumpers. The spring and magnetic bumpers result in nearly elastic collisions while the clay produces a completely inelastic collision. The area under the clay force curve is half the area under the spring or magnetic force curves because the cart does not rebound in the clay collision.

PASCO Advantage:
Since the the Smart Cart is capable of measuring both force and velocity, it eliminates the need for any external sensor. No interface is required and no wires interfere with the motion because the Smart Cart transmits data wirelessly over Bluetooth® 4.0.

Manual Downloads

Product Manuals for the Included Products

PASPORT Force Sensor Manual (PS-2104)
(155 KB – .pdf – English)
1.2 m PAScar Dynamics System Manual
(546 KB – .pdf – English)
Force Accessory Bracket Manual (CI-6545)
(354 KB – .pdf – English)
Photogate Head Manual (ME-9498A)
(275 KB – .pdf – English)

Arabic Manuals

PASPORT Force Sensor Manual (PS-2104)_ara
(106 KB – .pdf – Arabic)

Chinese Manuals

PASPORT Force Sensor Manual (PS-2104)_chi
(840 KB – .pdf – Chinese)

Danish Manuals

PASPORT Force Sensor Manual (PS-2104)_dan
(159 KB – .pdf – Danish)

French Manuals

PASPORT Force Sensor Manual (PS-2104)_fre
(86 KB – .pdf – French)

German Manuals

PASPORT Force Sensor Manual (PS-2104)_gem
(69 KB – .pdf – German)

Italian Manuals

PASPORT Force Sensor Manual (PS-2104)_ita
(171 KB – .pdf – Italian)

Japanese Manuals

PASPORT Force Sensor Manual (PS-2104)_jpn
(148 KB – .pdf – Japanese)

Portuguese Manuals

PASPORT Force Sensor Manual (PS-2104)_por
(83 KB – .pdf – Portuguese)

Russian Manuals

PASPORT Force Sensor Manual (PS-2104)_rus
(177 KB – .pdf – Russian)

Spanish Manuals

PASPORT Force Sensor Manual (PS-2104)_spa
(84 KB – .pdf – Spanish)

Swedish Manuals

PASPORT Force Sensor Manual (PS-2104)_swe
(74 KB – .pdf – Swedish)
Experiment File
EX-5509 Impulse.zip
(4.2 MB – .zip – English)